Genetic Testing

A child receives 1/2 of their genetic information from the mother and 1/2 from the father. The genetic information in the child must be present in either the mother or the biological father. If the child has a DNA band not found in the mother or the alleged father, the alleged father would be excluded. If genetic tests show a 99% or greater likelihood of paternity, he will be presumed by law to be the father. A filed Recognition of Parentage or a court order is still required to legally establish paternity.


Crow Wing County will initially pay for the costs of genetic testing when Crow Wing County is providing paternity establishment services. The courts can determine if these costs will be reimbursed to the county.


These tests can be done if the mother and alleged father live in different states. A collection kit will be sent to a hospital or lab near where the parties live. Samples can be collected from children at any age. Buccal swab sample collections are done for most genetic testing situations. Four cotton swabs that are similar to ordinary Q-tips are rubbed on the inside of the cheek (buccal cavity) for about 30 seconds each.


Results are usually received approximately 3 weeks from the date the last sample is received. Results will not be given out over the phone. Results are mailed or an appointment is scheduled for you to come in and discuss the results.

Additional Information

If you do not have a case with Crow Wing County and want to have genetic testing done, you can contact a genetic testing facility for information.

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